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Suriyyah

Syria

Syriaflag
Flag
Anthem: Homat el Diyar - Guardians of the Land
Location
Capital: Damascus
Official Language: Arabic and French
Demonym: Syrian
Government: One-Party Dictatorship
Leader: Khaled Al-Assad
Formation: April 17, 1946 (from France)
Area: 185,180 km2
Population: Population (Jan 1990)
GDP: GDP (find this in your budget) (Jan 1990)
Currency: Syrian pound
Timezone: EET


Brief Description - Syria, officially the Syrian Arab Republic, is a country in Southwest Asia, bordering Lebanon, the Mediterranean Sea and the island of Cyprus to the west, Israel to the southwest, Jordan to the south, Iraq to the east, and Turkey to the north. The modern state of Syria was formerly a French mandate and attained independence in 1946, but can trace its roots to the fourth millennium BC. Its capital city, Damascus, was the seat of the Umayyad Empire and a provincial capital of the Mamluk Empire.

Geography and ClimateEdit

Syria consists mostly of arid plateau, although the northwest part of the country bordering the Mediterranean is fairly green. The Northeast of the country "Al Jazira" and the South "Hawran" are important agricultural areas. The Euphrates, Syria's most important river, crosses the country in the east. It is considered to be one of the fifteen states that comprise the so-called "Cradle of Civilization".

Major cities include the capital Damascus in the southwest, Aleppo in the north, and Homs. Most of the other important cities are located along the coast line (see List of cities in Syria).

The climate in Syria is dry and hot, and winters are mild. Because of the country's elevation, snowfall does occasionally occur during winter. Petroleum in commercial quantities was first discovered in the northeast in 1956. The most important oil fields are those of Suwaydiyah, Qaratshui, Rumayian, and Tayyem, near Dayr az–Zawr. The fields are a natural extension of the Iraqi fields of Mosul and Kirkuk. Petroleum became Syria's leading natural resource and chief export after 1974. Natural gas was discovered at the field of Jbessa in 1940.

HistoryEdit

History of Syria

GovernmentEdit

Politics of Syria takes place in a framework of a republic, whereby the power is in the hands of the President of Syria the ruling, pan-arabic and secular Ba'ath Party. In reality, however, it is an totalitarian regime that exhibits only the forms of a democratic system.

Although citizens ostensibly vote for the President and members of Parliament, they do not have the right to change their government.

The President and his senior aides, particularly those in the military and security services, ultimately make most basic decisions in political and economic life, with a limited degree of public accountability.

Political opposition to the ruling Ba'ath Party is absolutly not tolerated.

Syria has been under a state of emergency since 1963. Syrian governments have justified the state of emergency by the state of war which continues to exist with Israel and by continuing threats posed by terrorist groups.

LeadersEdit

You may write a description of your leader here.

Leader Method of Departure
Khaled Al-AssadIncumbent.
Bashar Al-AssadExecuted for crimes against Allah and the Syrian people.

EconomyEdit

Syria is a middle-income, developing country with an economy based on agriculture, oil, industry, and tourism. However, Syria's economy faces serious challenges and impediments to growth, including: a large and poorly performing public sector; declining rates of oil production; widening non-oil deficit; wide scale corruption; weak financial and capital markets; and high rates of unemployment tied to a high population growth rate.

During the 1960s, citing its socialist ideology, the government nationalized most major enterprises and adopted economic policies designed to address regional and class disparities. This legacy of state intervention and price, trade, and foreign exchange controls still hampers economic growth, although the government has begun to revisit many of these policies, especially in the financial sector and the country's trade regime.

DemographicsEdit

Syrians today are an overall indigenous Levantine people, closely related to their immediate neighbours, like the Lebanese and (to a lesser extent) Jordanians. Syria's population is 74% Sunni Muslim, and 16% other Muslim groups, including the Alawi, Shi'a, and Druze, and 10% Christian.

Most people live in the city of Aleppo, or the Euphrates River valley and along the coastal plain, a fertile strip between the coastal mountains and the desert. Overall population density is about 54/km² (140 per sq. mi.) Education is free and compulsory from ages 6 to 11. Schooling consists of 6 years of primary education followed by a 3-year general or vocational training period and a 3-year academic or vocational program. The second 3-year period of academic training is required for university admission.

CultureEdit

Syria is a traditional society with a long cultural history. Importance is placed on family, religion, education and self discipline and respect. The Syrian's taste for the traditional arts is expressed in dances such as the al-Samah, the Dabkes in all their variations and the sword dance. Marriage ceremonies and the birth of children are occasions for the lively demonstration of folk customs.

Traditional Houses of the Old Cities in Damascus, Aleppo and the other Syrian cities are preserved and traditionally the living quarters are arranged around one or more courtyards, typically with a fountain in the middle supplied by spring water, and decorated with citrus trees, grape vines, and flowers.

Outside of larger city areas such as Damascus, Aleppo or Homs, residential areas are often clustered in smaller villages. The buildings themselves are often quite old (perhaps a few hundred years old), passed down to family members over several generations. Residential construction of rough concrete and blockwork is usually unpainted, and the palette of a Syrian village is therefore simple tones of greys and browns.

There was a private sector presence in the Syrian cinema industry until the end of the 1970s, but private investment has since preferred the more lucrative television serial business. Syrian soap operas, in a variety of styles (all melodramatic, however), have considerable market penetration throughout the eastern Arab world.

Although declining, Syria's world-famous handicraft industry still employs thousands.


Diplomatic InformationEdit

Allies
Defense Pacts Trade Treaties Member of
USSR OIC, OPEC
Enemies
At War With Disputed Territories No Relations
Israel (de-Jure) Golan Heights (Claimed by Syria, occupied by Israel)

Hatay (Claimed by Syria More Informations)

Israel


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